Updike writes, “printing fell into the hands of a class of masters and men less able, enterprising, and socially important, who looked at it solely from the commercial side. ” The importance of “tradition” as a constraining influence in much discourse on book typography cannot be understated. Stanley Morison, the man primarily responsible for Times New Roman and many of the other historical type revivals, perhaps best exemplifies this attitude when he defines “tradition” as more than the embalming of forms customary in states of society that have been long since cast aside. The sum of experience accumulated in more than one man’s lifetime, and verified by succeeding generations, is not to be safely discarded. Tradition, therefore, is another word forunanimity about fundamentals which has been brought into being by the trials, errors and corrections of many centuries. The events of the 16th and 17th centuries challenged this devotion to tradition in several ways.
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Fill flash can also be used to cast light into a room where there are no windows. Fill in flash is ideal for back lit and side lit situations. In a backlit situation there will be a lot of light in the background but no or little light cast on the front of the subject. This would normally create somewhat of a silhouette effect, but with a fill flash it would balance the photo nicely. But in order for this technique to work, you must be careful to stay in flash range which is usually around four to ten feet. With common cameras in order to add fill flash to a photo just toggle the flash to go off when it normally would not be needed. A slow sync flash is for more complicated exposures and is used commonly to create blurry long exposures. The flash fires at the beginning of the exposure , but the shutter still stays open for a moment after the flash has fired. This can freeze a car at dusk and create a blurry streak in the cars path. Or the slow sync flash could capture a sunset and freeze a closer subject that is moving through the frame. There are countless situations where a slow sync flash could possibly be used to enhance an exposure.